Bandhavgarh National Park is located in Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, India and is considered to have one of the highest densities of Bengal Tigers not only among all Tiger Reserves in India but across the world. Declared as a National Park in 1968, Bandhavgarh National Park’s core and buffer zones are spread over 1131 square kilometres and is one of the most popular National Park in India. It was declared as a Tiger Reserve under “Project Tiger” in 1993 and is home to a number of wildlife species.
Bandhavgarh (Bandhav+Garh) means Brother’s Fort in Sanskrit. It got its name from a hill named Bandhavgarh which as per Hindu mythology was given by Lord Ram to his brother Lakshman to keep a vigil at Lanka where Ravan had hidden Sita after kidnapping her during their Vanvaas. The park also houses the 2500 years old Bandhavgarh Fort in the heart of the forest with ruins of arches, temples and manmade caves. Locals also believe that renowned poet and saint Kabir had taken shelter in one such manmade cave for meditation. Also, when Sher Shah Suri invaded India, Mughal emperor Humayun had sent his pregnant wife to hide in Bandhavgarh Fort.
Like any other tropical forests, Bandhavgarh also experiences extreme weathers with temperature ranging from 22°C to 44°C in summers and from 0°C to 32°C in winters. The park remains closed for tourists from 1st July to 15th October every year during monsoons.
Less than 10% of Bandhavgarh National Park is open for tourists and Wildlife Safari is allowed in registered open gypsys in pre-set routes. For the tourists, the park is divided into 3 zones – Tala, Magadhi and Khitauli. Sighting of Tigers is not a rare phenomenon in Bandhavgarh and just one glance of the majestic big cat changes the childhood perception about the Tiger depicted as the nasty Sher Khan of the Mogli’s jungle. Sighting a Tiger in the wild is an experience, which people carry with them for their lifetime. We assure you that the memories of the jungle safari passing through the Siddhbaba temple, Chakradhara meadows, Sheshsaiya – the reclining statue of Lord Vishnu, Badi Gufa, Sita Mandap, Mahaman, Bandhaini Hills, Sukha Dam, Bhitri, Mirchahani, Aamanala, Ghorademon, Raj Behra, Charger Point and the road to the Fort entices guests to return to Bandhavgarh back again.
Fauna at Bandhavgarh National Park:
Bandhavgarh is home to a large number of wildlife species including the Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Wild Dogs, Foxes, Jackals, Sloth Bears and Chinkaras. Other species found here include Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Barking Deer, Nilgai (Blue Bull), Hyena, Wolves, Langurs, Wild Boars, Wild Cats and Mongoose. Indian Gaur has been recently reintroduced after the park lost all its Gaur population due to some disease. Various species of Reptiles and Snakes also inhabit the park in large numbers. The stories of the popular Tigers of the world including Banka, the ever remembered Charger – the aggressive Tiger, Sita – the most photographed Tigress in the world, Mohini, Langru, B2, Kankatti and the dominating male Bamera will bind you so close that they tend to become your family friends.
Birding at Bandhavgarh:
Bandhavgarh National Park is popular not only for its fauna but is also very popular among the Bird Watchers. The vegetation of the lush green forest filled with Sal trees and Bamboos with streams of water makes it a perfect habitat to various species of birds. Over 250 species of birds can be spotted flying across the park and it is believed that no Bird lover returns from Bandhavgarh without watching or learning something new about these admirable flying creatures.
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