Prepare yourself for a rejuvenating experience as you visit the Bor Reserve Sanctuary. This sanctuary, with rich biodiversity, is a beautiful refuge from the mundane life in the city. Let nature serve you with all the freshness and serenity in this place of immense aesthetic beauty. Covering an area of 61 sq km, the amazing Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is an attractive weekend getaway. It is situated at Hingni in Wardha in the Maharashtra state. The area comprises of 3,237 hectares reserve forest, 660 hectares of unclassified forest and 2,213 hectares of protected forest.
The region is a mosaic of dry deciduous and moist forest. The area offers wide range of flora and fauna even in the small region. Different species of plants and trees supported in the sanctuary are Teak, tendu, ain and bamboo. Diverse biodiversity inhabited by the sanctuary are panthers, blue bulls, monkeys, bears, wild dogs, and sambars, barking deers, chitals and many more. The sanctuary extends over an area of 121 sq km that also has a drainage basin of the Bor Dam.
It also has Pench tiger reserve surrounding the Bor Sanctuary. The government is planning to merge the Bor sanctuary with the adjacent protected areas which will eventually double the area of the tiger reserve.
The Bor Sanctuary occupies the central location among all the other Tiger habitats in the vicinity namely Pench Tiger Reserve, Tadoba- Andhari Tiger reserve, Umred Karhangla wildlife sanctuary, Melghat Sanctuary, Satpura national park and Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary.
The region experiences three different seasons: summer, winter and monsoon seasons. It generally has wet and tropical climate that supports good variety of vegetation and plants. Maximum temperature in summers is 40 degrees Celsius and in winters the temperature goes down to 12 degrees Celsius. The weather in this region is pleasant throughout the year. The moderate temperature supports a wide variety of plants and vegetation which grow and flourish in the region.
Other than the reserve there are other places of interest in the region. These places include Buddhist temple and other religious places. Buddhist teachings take place in the Buddhist temple. The other religious places in the area are Shiva temple at Khori-Khapa, Ganesh Temple at Kelzar, Bruhaspati temple at Chauki and Hanuman Temple at Khadki.
The famous Bor Tiger Reserve became the 47th Tiger reserve last year. It was declared a tiger reserve with the purpose of strengthening the conservative efforts of the national animal. The government is now planning to extend the area under the sanctuary to 120.39 sq km. Existing sanctuary area of 59.70 sq km, adjoining area of 12.24 sq km from Nagpur and the area of 48.46 sq km from Wardha division will now be included in the reserve.
The authority of Addi operates the wildlife sanctuary that includes natural diversity and tourism area.
The region of sanctuary begins from the Hingni and is proudly located at the foothill of satpuda. This range provides shelter to a large array of biodiversity. It also covers the area of Wardha along with Nagpur. It exhibits a rich diversity of flora and fauna and hence was declared as a protected area by the forest department of Maharashtra.
The region is fed by Bor River and divides the region into two parts. The area has been announced by the government to be expanded by adding another 60 sq km. But surprisingly only 5.21 sq k is visited by the visitors and is open to public. Maximum portion of the region in the Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is protected and only small percentage of the area comes under Eco Tourism Zone under the sanctuary.
One can visit the sanctuary in any month of the year but the months from April to May remain the ideal season to visit the Bor wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary remains closed on Mondays. October to mid-June is mainly the tourist season for this sanctuary that remains closed from 16th of June to 30th of September.
There are limited options of accommodation in and around the Bor wildlife sanctuary. Therefore one should stay at Nagpur and go for wildlife safari in day time. MTDC is a resort nearby the forest area that offers 10 double bed rooms, restaurant and 3 dormitories. Eco tourism center is also available at Balodyan. At eco-tourism center of sanctuary, there is a small canteen with capacity of 24 people. Food is offered with flavors of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Spending a time in the atmosphere of forests is a thrilli`ng experience. One gets to stay with the forest, breathe in the same air as the animals of sanctuary. It revives your inner self and is a food for the soul. One should try to plan tour in advance to ensure accommodation at forest lodge or guest house. Foreign tourist should also plan their trip well before time so that they can ensure a comfortable stay near the sanctuary.
The amazing Bor Sanctuary inhabits a good range of fauna diversity including, mammals, birds and reptiles. The Indian leopard, Bengal tiger, chital, blue bull, sambar, barking deer, monkey, wild boar, wild dog, sloth bear, peacock and mouse deer are the mammal species that can be spotted in the sanctuary. 160 species of birds reside the sanctuary. Among them 10 species are migratory and 9 are endangered bird species. The number of tigers in the Bor wildlife sanctuary has been increasing as the place serves as the breeding space for tigers. Since past four years, cubs are born in the sanctuary each year. The rise in the number of tigers is the result of good population of prey species. Water availability and protection are other factors affecting the tiger population in the region. These requirements are fulfilled comfortably in the region of Bor wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary exhibits 26 species of reptiles that belong to 11 families. Of these species of reptiles six are endangered. These are Russel's viper, chequered keelback, Indian cobra, Indian rat snake, Indian rock python and monitor lizard. The rare sights of the Bengal tiger and leopard just make your day on a safari trip to this wonderful wildlife sanctuary. The animals can be spotted quenching their thirst near the water sources available in the sanctuary.
Main species of the flora found in the area of Bor wildlife Sanctuary are Teak, Tendu, Bamboo and Ain. As it comes in the area of south Deccan plateau, dry deciduous forests are dominant. Tarot, Vanbhendi, Waghori, Tenella, Tarwar, Gokhru, Velatri and wight are predominant in the sanctuary region. Natural vegetation is abundant in the Bor wildlife Sanctuary. This vegetation feeds large number of herbivores in the Bor wildlife sanctuary and provides a rich source of nutrition to them. These in turn serve the population Bengal tigers, leopards and other carnivore animals residing in the sanctuary. The area is full of scenic beauty and picturesque landscapes.
As the sanctuary is spread over a small distance, one can walk and enjoy the sights of beautiful scenery and animals. However one should take a local sanctuary guide along. The forest lodges and camps inside and near the sanctuary organize various safari trips. There are many temples inside and around the Bor wildlife sanctuary. Shiva temple located at the Khori-Khapa, Bruhaspati Temple located at Chauki, Hanuman Temple located at Khadki and Ganesh Temple located at Kelzar attract number of pilgrims every year. Guided forest department trip named "Experience the night life of forest" is a must experience tourist attraction. Capture the essence of nature in your heart as you breathe in the air of forest and enjoy an exciting thrill. The sounds of insects and other animals at night arouse in you a unique sensation. Every year a good number of wildlife lovers and enthusiasts visit the Bor Wildlife Sanctuary. Although they are allowed to traverse only a limited area of the forest, they observe some rare things while they are on the safari trip. The wildlife sanctuary will be equally satisfying for the bird watchers and birders who visit this sanctuary to observe different species of migratory as well as endangered birds. One can take along a camera and immerse in the boundless beauty of nature. The safari trip charges are organized in the day time and one special trip is organized at the night time. The safari charges are affordable and are included in the facilities provided by the forest lodges.
The Bor Wildlife sanctuary is easily accessible by three main modes of transport namely bus, train and plane.
Air: The nearest airport is Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar international airport at Nagpur which is about 80km away from the Bor wildlife sanctuary.
Rail: The nearest railway station is Wardha which is about 35km away from the wildlife sanctuary.
Road: The nearest bus station is Hingni which is 5km from the Bor wildlife sanctuary. One can go from Wardha-Nagpur road MSH3.