Sundarbans National Park, located at Southern Eastern tip of 24 Parganas district in West Bengal, is a part of the world’s biggest delta that is formed by confluence of the rivers Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna. It is a huge area covering about 4262 sq kms alone in India, with a larger part in Bangladesh. The total region of Indian part of Sundarbans tiger reserve, lying in the longitude between 88°05’-89°06’ East and latitude 21°13’-22°40’ North, is 4262 square kilometers, of which about 2125 square kms is occupied by the Mangrove Forest.
Sundarbans tiger reserve is not just a National Park, but a complete wildlife experience, a Biosphere reserve and a World Heritage site too. Sundarbans get its name from the Sundari trees found in profusion in Sundarbans National Park. Known a Sundarbans Tiger Reserve earlier in 1973, it was a part of 24 Parganas division at that time. The Sundarbans National park was established in 1984. The area was crowded with swampy islands and dense mangroves, being suitable for tiger inhabitants. As a result, the tiger project was launched in 2004 as a research project. This tiger conservation effort in Sundarbans area is just rocking the thick masses with exemplified glaring of the royal tigers in West Bengal. Now, it’s estimated that there are about 400 Royal Bengal Tigers and 30,000 spotted deers in this area.
What makes Sundarban tourism unique is its the only mangrove jungle around the world to have tigers, which are strong swimmers. Shared between Bangladesh and India, Sundarbans has been declared a UNESCO Heritage site. The area is known to have a silent charm, which manages to astonish one with the naturalness and simplicity of its great ecological balance despite of providing habitat to a few of the most awe-inspiring and dynamic flora and fauna. All tourist and commercial activities are banned from park’s main area. A big part of this park’s buffer zone includes Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary, renowned for bird watching. Other than tigers, this park is filled with birds, reptiles and other animals like wild boars, deers and monkeys.
The climate here is usually pleasant and soothing. The climate at Sundarbans is recorded between 34°C and 20°C. Due to close proximity to Bay of Bengal, Sundarbans experience high humidity and heavy rainfall. From March to September, Westerly prevails here, while from October to March, North Easterlies blow. As sea is nearby, a cool sea breeze can be experienced during night and hence, the temperature is quite favorable all around the day. Thus, the climate here is neither too cold nor too hot. To have a mind-blowing and memorable weekend getaway at Sundarban tourism, it’s suggested to visit this place anytime between November till March.
To add to your adventure of experiencing the unmatched face of wildlife, there are a lot of Sundarbans National Park hotels, forest lodges, jungle camps and wildlife resorts in Sundarbans tiger reserve and outside Sundarbans.
Sundarbans have become a home to over 400 tigers. Moreover, the Bengal tigers have very well adapted themselves to the aqua and saline environment and they are great swimmers. When you enter the exploratory land of Sundarbans, you will be delighted to see Rhesus Monkey and Chital Deer. This park is also known for its conservation of Ridley Sea Turtle. There are crocodiles, which can be seen often along mud banks. The animals at Sundarbans are varied, seeing its climatic conditions. Other than Bengal Tigers, Sundarbans also houses Macaques, Fishing Cats, Wild Boar, Fox, Common Grey Mongoose, Flying Fox, Jungle Cat, Chitals, Indian Pangolin, etc. Because of the climatic conditions, the park creates a perfect habitat for native and migratory birds like open billed storks, water hens, white ibis, coots, pariah kites, pheasant tailed jacanas, Brahminy kites, swamp partridges, marsh harriers, spotted doves, red jungle fowls, common mynahs, cotton teals, jungle babblers, jungle crows, herring gulls, gray herons, caspian terns, Brahminy ducks, large egrets, common snipes, night herons, fishing eagles, green pigeons, night herons, common kingfishers, white bellied sea eagles, woodpeckers, black tailed godwits, peregrine falcons, paradise flycatchers, rose ringed parakeets, whimbrels, little stints, curlews, pintails, whistling teals and white eyed Pochards. You can also find many amphibians and fishes at the park including saw fish, electric rays, butter fish, silver carp, common carp, star fish, prawn, crabs, shrimps, skipping frogs, tree frogs, common toads and Gangetic dolphins. Sundarbans National Park has a great number of reptiles within its regions. Some of them are olive Ridley, sea snakes, turtles, green turtles, dog faced water snakes, chameleons, estuarine crocodiles, Salvator lizards, king cobras, hard shell batgun terrapins, mouse geckos, Russell’s vipers, monitor lizards, hawksbill turtle's, common kraits, pythons, rat snakes and checkered keelbacks.
Enthralling life forms await you at this biggest estuarine delta across the world, Sundarbans. In May and April, the blazing red leaves of Genwa, edges the Emerald Islands. The yellow bloom of Khalsi and crab like red colored flowers of Kankara add to the stunning display. The main forest area comprises of estuarine mangrove forest intermixed with littoral and swamp forests. Because of the huge and dense forests reserve, Sundarbans is also classified as World’s Biosphere Reserve. As you move in the Sundarbans forest, this amazing fairyland unfolds its mystifying beauty. Some other commonly found trees and plants in this park includes Dhundal, Passur, Darjan, Goran and Sundari.
Nowadays, there are many companies and agencies offering different Sundarbans Tourisms. Sundarbans, a traveler’s delight, unfolds the intact beauty of nature. Sundarbans National Park Tour Packages set you off to the park on a motor boat. Since flora and fauna here are enriched with a great variety of wildlife, people who call them nature lovers, horde the forest every year for spending a relaxed weekend, far from the busy, bustling city life. When it comes to the travellers visiting India, Sundarbans has become the hit weekend getaway of West Bengal. The tranquilizing atmosphere here is well complemented by the picturesque greenery and beauty everywhere. As the whole forest cover floats on the water, it’s a magnificent place for getting indulged in boat rides. It is selected as a great tourist destination not just due to its picturesque beauty, but also because of its pleasant weather. It’s surrounded by dazzling water, which is what makes the whole atmosphere soothing. It offers myriad options for sightseeing to select from and is filled with places where one can indulge in adventure and fun activities. Wildlife viewing is the most favoured activity to do at Sundarbans. You’ll discover a wide variety of animals, within dense Sundarbans forest. Boating is the next great thing to experience in Sundarbans, as the whole territory floats on water. A ride via sparkling waters could be a really fun experience. And if you’re a bird watcher, you’d be delighted to explore the Sundarbans as you can hear birds chirping almost everywhere all through the dense mangrove forest.
Sundarbans can be reached by boat only. It is situated about 110 kms southeast of Kolkata in west Bengal. Canning has the nearest railway station to Sundarbans. The road goes to Godkhali, the gateway to Sundarbans. Opposite Godkhali is the Gosaba Island. It’s one among the main inhabited of Sundarbans region with hospital. The real entrance to Sundarbans National Park is on Sajnekhali island, where you can see a watch tower complex, mangrove interpretation centre, crocodile enclosure, and turtle farm, etc. That is where the entry fee is paid.
Air: You can have simple access to beautiful Sundarbans National Park via air. The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport is the closest airport to Sundarbans. This airport is nearly 112 kms far from Sundarbans.
Rail: The closest railway station to Sundarbans is situated at Canning, 44 kms from the forest. If you’re traveling from Kolkata, first you’ll need to reach Canning and then take a train to Sundarbans.
Road: You can easily reach Sundarbans by road too. You can get buses right from Kolkata for Godkhali( 95Kms), Raidighi (76 kms), Namkhana (105 kms), Sonakhali (100 kms), Canning (64 kms) and Najat (92 kms). All these places are near Sundarbans and have simple access to waterways. By traveling around 112 kms south from Kolkata also, you can reach via road to Sundarbans.