Fauna at Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Tadoba is home to many mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects and birds. All are closely interconnected with the rich plant life found in the area. Among the carnivorous species the Tiger, Sloth Bear, Leopard, Leopard Cat and Rusty Spotted Cat earn the first mentions. Other than these there are Wolf, Small Indian Civet, Fox, Hyena, Indian Gaur, Jackal and Wild Dogs.
The herbivores include the Spotted Deer in abundance with many other species like Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Chital, Rhesus Macaque, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Langur, and the Four Horned Deer.
The reptile clan consist of Indian Star Tortoise, Russel’s Viper, Leaf Nosed Snake, Nastrix, Cobra, Indian Python, Rat Snake, Krait, Terrapins, Monitor Lizard, Bronze Tree Snake and fresh water Crocodile.
The insects form an integral part of this complex ecosystem. About 74 different species of Butterflies are found in Tadoba Andhari including Monarch, Pansies, Swordtails and Mormons. Other insects include Dragonflies, Moths, Stick Insects, Praying Mantis, Eggfly and Jewel Beetles alongside many species of spiders like Giant Wood Spider, Wolf Spider, Signature Spider, Red Wood Spider etc.
Avifauna / (Birding) at Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is known to have 195 species of birds with 3 of them notably endangered species, viz. the Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Grey-Headed Fish Eagle and Crested Serpent Eagle. The other noteworthy birds of the land include Indian Pitta, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, White Eyed Buzzard, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Peacock, Indian Scimitar Babbler, Grey Jungle Fowl, Painted Spur Fowl, Black Naped Blue Flycatcher, Brown Fish Owl, Golden Oriole, Plum Headed Parakeet, Mottled Wood Owl, Larks etc.
Flora at Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve has a dry deciduous type of forest cover with a mixed variety of plants. Teak and Bamboo are the primary flora found in the region. Other plant species include Kosum, Haldu, Ber, Mahua, Dhawa, Tendu, Salai, Palas, Bija, Kurlu, Char, Semal, Mahua, Bahera, Lyndia and Harra. The grasslands are scarce which wear off during the hot and dry summer.