Discover Pench National Park
Pench National park, nestling in the lower southern reaches of the satpuda hills is named after Pench River, meandering through the park from north to south. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya Pradesh, bordering Maharashtra, in the districts of Seoni and Chhindwara.Pench National Park, comprising of 758 SQ Kms, out of which a core area of 299 sq km of Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park and the Mowgli Pench Sanctuary and remaining 464 sq km of Pench National Park is the buffer area. It was declared a National Park by the Government of Maharashtra in 1975 and received the official status of "Tiger Reserve of India" in February 1999.
The park gets its name from the Pench River, which meanders through it like a immense python, separating it downstairs the center. Rich in its biodiversity, its territory defined by hills, valleys and the occasional precipitous slope, Pench is a vital ecosystem sustaining a plenty of flora and fauna, including a rich mixture of river life.
Not amazingly, the attractiveness of this part of central India has earned much fictitious attention. The poet Kalidas writes about the scenic charm of the place in his epics Meghdootam and Sakuntalam. R.A. Strendale's "Camp in the Satpura Hills" draws a vivid pen picture of this idyllic paradise - as does Forsyth's "Highlands of Central India".
Really, the Pench National Park is four different forest regions in one, an extravagance of trees, shrubs, grasses, climbers, weeds and herbs, with teak being the most prominent of the tree species. The park is home to 33 species of mammals, 164 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 10 species of amphibians, 30 species of reptiles, and a wide variety of insect life.
While primarily and reservation for tigers and panthers, Pench is also home to Sambhar, Chital, Barking deer, Nilgai, Black buck, Gaur, Wild boar, Chausingha, Sloth bears, Wild dogs, Langoors, Monkeys, Mouse deer, Black-naped hares, Jackals, Foxes, Hyenas, Porcupines, and Flying squirrels, to name a few.
Here, birdlife is equally numerous. The feathered denizens of Pench include both resident and migratory birds like Malabar pied hornbills, Indian pitas, Ospreys, grey-headed Fishing eagles, White-eyed Buzzards, Storks, Waterfowls, Four endangered vulture species, and the Green pigeon, which is the State Bird.
Pench is a naturalist's nightmare comes right; a mind-expanding familiarity if ever there is one.